Description

This example shows how to send a JSON document to a UDP socket.

It uses the Ethernet library, but can be easily adapted for Wifi.

At regular interval, it sends a UDP packet containing the status of analog and digital pins. The JSON document looks like the following:

{
  "analog": [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ],
  "digital": [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 ]
}

If you want to test this program, you need to be able to receive the UDP packets. For example, you can run netcat on your computer

ncat -ulp 8888

Source code

#include <ArduinoJson.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>
#include <SPI.h>

byte mac[] = {0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED};
IPAddress remoteIp(192, 168, 0, 108);  // <- EDIT!!!!
unsigned short remotePort = 8888;
unsigned short localPort = 8888;
EthernetUDP udp;

void setup() {
  // Initialize serial port
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while (!Serial) continue;

  // Initialize Ethernet libary
  if (!Ethernet.begin(mac)) {
    Serial.println(F("Failed to initialize Ethernet library"));
    return;
  }

  // Enable UDP
  udp.begin(localPort);
}

void loop() {
  // Allocate the JSON document
  // Use arduinojson.org/assistant to compute the capacity.
  StaticJsonDocument<500> doc;

  // Make our document represent an object
  JsonObject root = doc.to<JsonObject>();

  // Create the "analog" array
  JsonArray analogValues = root.createNestedArray("analog");
  for (int pin = 0; pin < 6; pin++) {
    // Read the analog input
    int value = analogRead(pin);

    // Add the value at the end of the array
    analogValues.add(value);
  }

  // Create the "digital" array
  JsonArray digitalValues = root.createNestedArray("digital");
  for (int pin = 0; pin < 14; pin++) {
    // Read the digital input
    int value = digitalRead(pin);

    // Add the value at the end of the array
    digitalValues.add(value);
  }

  // Log
  Serial.print(F("Sending to "));
  Serial.print(remoteIp);
  Serial.print(F(" on port "));
  Serial.println(remotePort);
  serializeJson(root, Serial);

  // Send UDP packet
  udp.beginPacket(remoteIp, remotePort);
  serializeJson(root, udp);
  udp.println();
  udp.endPacket();

  // Wait
  delay(10000);
}

Classes used in this example

Functions used in this example