serializeMsgPack() serializes a JsonDocument to create a MessagePack document.


size_t serializeMsgPack(const JsonDocument& doc, char* output, size_t outputSize);
size_t serializeMsgPack(const JsonDocument& doc, char output[size]);
size_t serializeMsgPack(const JsonDocument& doc, Print& output);
size_t serializeMsgPack(const JsonDocument& doc, String& output);  // 💀
size_t serializeMsgPack(const JsonDocument& doc, std::string& output);

template<typename Writer> // custom writer class (see below)
size_t serializeMsgPack(const JsonDocument& doc, Writer& output);

This function treats String and std::string as streams: it doesn’t replace the content, it appends to the end.

Arduino’s String doesn’t allow nulls inside the string; don’t use this class for MessagePack documents.

The two first overloads support unsigned char as well.


  • doc: the JsonDocument to serialize (in fact, you can also use a JsonArray, a JsonObject, or a JsonVariant)
  • output: the destination buffer when the result should be written
  • outputSize: the capacity of the destination buffer

Because output can be any implementation of Print, you can uses instances like Serial, EthernetClient, WifiClient

Return value

serializeMsgPack() returns the number of bytes written.


When you pass a Stream to serializeMsgPack(), it writes in small chunks, which can be slow depending on the target stream. For example, if you send to a WiFiClient on an ESP8266, it will send many packets over the air, which is slow and inefficient. To improve speed and efficiency, we must send fewer, larger packets.

To write the MessagePack document in larger chunks, you can use WriteBufferingStream from the StreamUtils library. See the example in serializeJson().

Custom writer

If none of the supported output types is suitable for you, you can implement a custom writer class. This class must implement two member functions, as shown below:

struct CustomWriter {
  // Writes one byte, returns the number of bytes written (0 or 1)
  size_t write(uint8_t c);
  // Writes several bytes, returns the number of bytes written
  size_t write(const uint8_t *buffer, size_t length);

Then, pass a reference to an instance of this class as the second argument of serializeMsgPack().


StaticJsonDocument<200> doc;
doc["hello"] = "world";
serializeMsgPack(doc, Serial);

will write the following bytes to the serial output:

81 A5 68 65 6C 6C 6F A5 77 6F 72 6C 64

See also